十二月 08, 2010

寫字教學講義課程研習大綱

桃園縣99學年度精進教學研習課程 寫字教學課程大綱(一)    


一、    書法的意義:
    書法藝術乃東方文化之瑰寶,其中不僅蘊涵了自然的道理、人文的道統以及藝術的價值,更是個人性靈與品格修養的展現。中國書法是世界上唯一能夠將文字提升為實用及藝術性的獨特文化藝術。
二、    書法的特性: 
(一)實用性:早期的功能著重紀事之用。結繩記事或占卜吉凶。
(二)藝術性:因與生活息息相關,遂與文化相結合,發展為東方特有的文化藝術。
三、    書體演變的介紹:

因為時代演變或工具發展而產生的文字書寫形體改變的過程。

(一) 商周時代—甲骨文金文
(二) 秦朝時代—篆書
(三) 漢朝時代—隸書文
(四) 漢末時代—草書
(五) 晉朝時代—行書
(六) 唐朝時代—楷書
四、寫字工具介紹:
1.  筆:
(1)依毛筆的外形分成 j大楷 k中楷  l小楷
(2)依筆毛的特性分成j狼毫(硬)k羊毫(軟) l兼毫
(3)新毛筆應以溫水浸泡1-2分鐘使其濕潤後開筆. 
(4)每次用完筆都應清洗乾淨後吊掛瀝乾或陰乾.
2.  墨:
(1)墨條 j松煙墨-質地較黑k煙墨-較亮   
(2)墨汁(清雅.淡香)
3.  硯:(1)硯台       (2)硯池
4.  紙:
(1)宣紙-書寫作品.比賽
(2)毛邊紙-練習紙
5.  其他:
(1)筆捲 (2)墊布(3)水壺(4)文鎮(鎮尺、筆山)
五、寫字姿勢:
1.坐姿:
(1)頭正(2)身正(3)筆正(4)紙正   
2.握筆要領:
(1)指實:五指兼用(齊力) 
(2)掌虛:手掌中空(虛)
六、寫字要領: 
(1) 靜心體會 開始習書 
(2) 學習專注 專心練字 
(3) 培養耐心 恆心學書
七、下課前之小叮嚀: 
(1)清洗筆墨-筆的清洗.水量控制 
(2)收拾用具-殘墨廢紙.攜帶齊全 
(3)整理環境-桌面擦拭.地面整潔

 

桃園縣99學年度精進教學研習課程 寫字教學課程大綱(二)

    

八、楷書歐體字基本筆法介紹:
(一)    橫法:
1.逆鋒向左入筆
2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下)
3.中鋒向右行筆   
4.(至收筆處)稍提(筆鋒帶向右上方)
5.向右下輕按 
6.回鋒向左收回。
     
【逆、按、行、提、按、收】
(二)    豎法:    
1.逆鋒向上入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向下行筆    4.(至收筆處)稍提(筆鋒帶向左下方) 5.向右下輕按  6.回鋒向上收回。
     
【逆、按、行、提、按、收】
(三)    折法:    
1.逆鋒向左入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向右行筆    4.(至折筆處)稍提(筆鋒帶向右上方) 5.向右下輕按  6. 轉鋒向下行筆    7.(至收筆處)稍提(筆鋒帶向左下方) 8.向右下輕按  9.回鋒向上收回。
     
【逆、按、行、提、按、行、提、按、收】
  
(四)    撇法:
    1.逆鋒向右上入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向左下行筆(稍呈彎曲) 4.漸行漸提(筆鋒帶向左下方) 5.(至收筆處)出鋒自然收尖。
     
【逆、按、行、收】

桃園縣99學年度精進教學研習課程 寫字教學課程大綱(三) 

   

(五)    捺法:
    1.逆鋒向左入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向右行筆    4.轉鋒向右下行筆(筆鋒帶向右下方) 5.漸行漸按  6.(至收筆處)稍停 7.轉鋒向右出鋒自然收尖。 
【逆、按、行、轉、行、停、收】
(六)    鉤法(以豎鉤為例):
    1.逆鋒向上入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向下行筆    4.(至鉤筆處筆鋒帶向左下方)稍停(輕點兩下) 5.向左上方輕輕推出自然收尖。
      【逆、按、行、頓、按、收】
(七)    挑法:
    1.逆鋒向左上入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.中鋒向右上行筆(漸行漸提) 4.(至收筆處)出鋒自然收尖。
      【逆、按、行、收】
(八)    點法(以右點為例):
    1.逆鋒向左上入筆  2.轉鋒向右下輕按(輕點兩下) 3.側鋒向下頓筆(稍加重) 4.向上方左回鋒收筆。     
【逆、按、頓、收】
九、楷書歐體字基本結構概念:
(一).平衡原則             
(二).緊密原則           
(三).左密右疏原則
(四).間隔等距原則
(五).比例原則       
(六).主筆延伸原則
(七).變化原則 


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